This material was produced as part of a HEA MSOR-funded project, ''Supporting students studying advanced calculus using screencasts'' to produce and evaluate the effectiveness of mathematical screencasts.
Project team: Camilla Jordan, Tim Lowe, and Ben Mestel from the Open University (UK), and Birgit Loch from Swinburne University of Technology (Australia).
We would very much appreciate feedback on this document and will make updates and improvements as the project progresses. Feedback should be sent to C.R.Jordan@open.ac.uk
This web page is a brief guide as to how to make screencasts that can be viewed either on the internet or on a mobile device. The software used is assumed to be Camtasia Studio 7. However much of the principles described will be relevant for other software.
We are assuming that the screencasts are intended to be produced fairly quickly and without using professional studio equipment.
A screencast is a recording of any screen movement including speaker audio, for example to walk you through the handwritten solution of a mathematical problem.
You need to decide on any applications that you intend to use and become familiar with their use. You might like to use some form of tablet for writing on the computer. While (typed) animations can be very effective, this makes it possible for students to see mathematics written out as it is being done rather than presented with pre-prepared slides. It is a good idea if any application you use has inking facilities. Some ink-enabled applications to consider using are:
You may like to make sure that the application you use is set up so that the page can scroll easily. For example in PDF Annotator have the view properties set to Single page continuous.
We suggest that the size of the recorded area should be 480 x 320 pixels as this seems to work well with most mobile devices. Using a relatively small area keeps the file size down. You should, therefore, record in a window either of this size or with these proportions (3:2) as this will prevent distortion.
Experiment has shown that any pre-prepared material needs to be done in a reasonably large font size - 16pt appears to be fine. It is worth doing a quick test with this and to check the results on a mobile device.
Use a good quality microphone or headset. The quality of this can make a significant difference to the result.
If it is not possible to get the sound levels loud enough, the Windows system sound level might have to be increased:
Select the region of the screen to be recorded. This can be done by either dragging the small squares at the corners of the boundary of the highlighted region of the screen, or typing pixel sizes into the numerical entry boxes on the Camtaisa Recorder. The size choosen should be an integer multiple of 480x320 (ie, 480x320, 960x640).
It is probably easier to make a recording if the largest integer multiple of this resolution that fits on the screen is used. It is also possible to move the recording area by clicking on the icon right in the centre of the grey shaded recording area.
Adjust the size of the application to be recorded and the position of the recording area to appropriately match. (ie, the page size of the application exactly matches the recording area. The recording area might need to be moved to avoid toolbars etc).
A 'Preview' window opens, showing your recording. Watch it if you wish to check its all OK at this stage. Click 'Save and Edit' in the bottom right-hand corner of the 'Preview' window to save your raw recording and move to the editing stage. It will ask where you want this raw recording to be saved. You are then taken back to the Camtasia studio window to edit/produce your screencast. A pop-up window asks what size you want the final recording to be - select 480x320. You can edit out any mistakes you have made here.
At any time, click on the Zoom In button to zoom into the time line. Click on Zoom Out or a section of the control bar between the two buttons to adjust.
By default, Camtasia sometimes automatically zooms the screencast to focus on the region of interest - in most cases we don't want these. The zooming can be deleted by right-clicking on the "zoom" line within the timeline at the bottom of the screen and selecting "Remove all zoom keyframes".
There are various ways to edit your recording. You may decide to skip this section if you've got experience with video or audio editing software. The easiest form of editing is to trim the beginning and end of a recording, or remove a section in the middle.
Many more editing features are available, for instance call outs, transitions, Zoom and Pan. The Techsmith site provides a number of introduction videos on how to use Camtasia Studio: http://www.techsmith.com/learn/camtasia/7/
You can now add any standard 'credits' slide to the end of the screencast.
When all editing has finished, save the edited Camtasia file using 'File-Save project'. It is important to save this project file if you want to go back and make more edits. If you don't save this file, only the raw recording (minus your edits) will be kept.
Click 'Produce and share' in the row of choices along the top row of the screen. From the drop down menu, in the 'Production Wizard' select 'iPhone' When asked, give a name for your final output, and choose a folder for this to be stored. Click 'Finish' Wait When it has finished, click 'Finish' to close the window.
You can now close down Camtasia studio. Don't forget!!!. Once the video production is finished, you still have the application you wrote on open. You can save your annotations and so make the final document available to students. If you are using software that does not have a 'save as pdf' function, but would like to produce a PDF document, you can use a 'free' PDF printer driver such as PrimoPDF (www.primopdf.com). After installing this, it appears as a 'printer' in your list of possible printers. Printing to this 'printer' generates a PDF file. You will be asked where you want it saved. Decide on some keywords to classify the screencast.